The City of Fairfax is an independent city forming an enclave within the confines of Fairfax County, in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Although politically independent of the surrounding county, the City is nevertheless the county seat. While the city is the county seat, a small unincorporated portion of the County comprising the courthouse complex, the jail, and a small area nearby is itself an enclave within the city.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines Fairfax and the city of Falls Church with Fairfax County for statistical purposes.
According to Wikipedia, the population was 24,702 as of 2009 estimates. Many surrounding communities and developments have a Fairfax postal mailing address.
Since June 2005, Old Town Fairfax (the downtown area of Fairfax City) has undergone an extensive redevelopment. The redevelopment added a new Fairfax City Regional Library, over 45,000 square feet of retail and restaurant space, over 70,000 square feet of office condominiums, and 85 upscale residential condominium units.
In May, 2009, the City of Fairfax was rated as #3 in the “Top 25 Places to Live Well” by Forbes Magazine. Forbes commended Fairfax for its strong public school system, high median salary, and a rate of sole proprietors per capita that ranks it in the top 1% nationwide.